My Home NAS and Media Server 2015

Some time ago, october 2015, my network share died. How can this be happened, simply by being stupid… I was having an western digital 1 TB passport attached to my Assus router mounted behind the wall without a ventilation source.

Because of the loss of all my photos it was time to upgrade to a more sophisticated solution, my own NAS. Googling a little bit I saw different solutions from Synology or QNAP but price was more that I was willing to spend on start to compensate the loss of my external drive.

I decided to start with something cheap ($256.97 @ PCPartPicker part list), powerful (2565 @ cpubenchmark.net) and low power consumption.

CPU AMD 5350 2.05GHz Quad-Core Processor $47.97 @ Jet
CPU Cooler ARCTIC Alpine M1 – Passive Fanless CPU Cooler $11.10 @ Amazon
Motherboard Asus AM1M-A Micro ATX AM1 Motherboard $34.91 @ Jet
Memory Kingston 8GB (1 x 8GB) DDR3-1600 Memory $55.01 @ Jet
Case NZXT Source 220 ATX Mid Tower Case $48.99 @ SuperBiiz
Power Supply SeaSonic 360W 80+ Gold Certified ATX Power Supply $58.99 @ SuperBiiz
Total $256.97

I chose ubuntu as a server OS over freenas because it was more familiar to me and thought it will be easier to configure. I installed ubuntu 14.04 on an USB drive and use an 750GB old drive as a storage, only to discover later that configuring AMD Radeon proprietary driver fglrx on ubuntu 14.04 would be a pain but once I did it the performance was great and never upgraded the kernel. As a sofware I used Samba, Transmission as a torrent client, kodi with autostart on lightdm, apache, mysql and some web apps. Few months later to improve performance I moved OS partition from USB drive to an 100GB old notebook drive.

After one year, october 2016, I start looking for an upgrade to the server and chose two new drives to use as a RAID storage and a SSD m.2 on a PCIE card for the OS partition (PCPartPicker part list).

Storage Crucial MX300 275GB M.2-2280 Solid State Drive $84.99 @ SuperBiiz
Storage Western Digital Red 3TB 3.5″ 5400RPM Internal Hard Drive $106.99 @ SuperBiiz
Storage Western Digital Red 3TB 3.5″ 5400RPM Internal Hard Drive $106.99 @ SuperBiiz
Other SYBA SI-PEX50102 SATA M.2 + SATA to PCI-e x2 Hardware RAID Card (B or $67.99 @ Newegg
Total $366.96

I installed ubuntu 16.04 and the performance is great, also AMD Radeon driver works out of the box.